Blueberries have an attractive blue color and a unique taste. This particularly fragrant fruit is the product of a medium-sized shrub. If you want to always have fresh fruits full of valuable antioxidants, read on. We will explain everything you need to know about growing blueberries at home!
The blueberry bush is part of the Vaccinium family . Blueberries are one of the most popular and appreciated fruits, being included in a lot of recipes for desserts and natural remedies. In addition, they also have many benefits for the health of the body.
Extraordinary properties of blueberries
Blueberries are very nutritious fruits. Above all, they stand out thanks to the high content of vitamin C, fiber, potassium, iron and calcium. Blueberries are also known for the antioxidant pigments they contain.
Blueberries have the following health benefits:
- Antioxidants, anthocyanins and carotenoids in their composition help to form bone tissue and teeth, as well as red blood cells. It facilitates the absorption of iron in the body and neutralizes the action of harmful agents.
- In addition, potassium in blueberries improves the functioning of the nervous and muscular system.
- The vitamins contained in blueberries strengthen the immune system, reducing the risk of disease. The antiseptic action of blueberries is very helpful in fighting germ infections.
- Blueberries are recommended for pregnant women, as they must consume a large amount of vitamins during pregnancy.
Growing blueberries at home
Growing blueberries at home is a great idea. You will always have organic fruits, full of nutritious nutrients. Now, what are the steps to follow and the things to keep in mind?
Here are some tips that will help you a lot.
The type and size of the pot depends on how you start growing blueberries at home. If you start with seeds, you will need a small pot. But if you are going to use a cutting, you will have to opt for a larger pot.
As the seedling grows, you will need to move it into an even larger pot or move it directly into the garden soil. After 3 – 4 years, the cutting will need a pot with a capacity of 60 – 70 l.
Blueberry prefers acidic soil, preferably with a pH of 4.5. To make the soil more acidic, you can use natural compost, sulfide or peat. Composting from cotton seeds and pine needles is also very useful to increase soil acidity.
Steps to follow for growing blueberries at home
- First, place a thick napkin on the bottom of a small container and add a little water. Put the seeds in it.
- After sprouting, gather the blueberry seeds one by one and plant them in the ground. Cover them lightly with earth.
- Water the plant daily and make sure the moisture does not disappear from the soil.
- Place the pot in a well-lit place, where it will be protected from drafts.
- The soil should be periodically mixed to ensure oxygenation of the roots and drainage.
- After planting the seeds, you can prepare mulch from oak branches or pine needles. It will prevent weeds, retain moisture and keep the soil acidic.
Do not put too many seeds in the same container, because blueberries need space to grow optimally. Also, the soil should be slightly moist when planting the seeds.
When the plant grows, you will need to move it to a larger pot or directly into the ground. When making this move, be sure to moisten the roots of the plant well so that it does not suffer. We advise you to soak the roots well in a bucket of water for 10 minutes before replanting. At the end of the transplant process, water the soil.
Remember that blueberries grow best in a place with cool weather. The plant adapts very well to cold air, even in extreme temperatures. Instead, heat can destroy blueberries. During the summer, do not leave the shrubs in the sun as they may die.
As you can see, growing blueberries at home is not difficult at all. Given the incredible properties of these fruits, it would be a shame not to grow a shrub in your yard. Gardening can be a great hobby!