Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is a rare disease today. It used to affect soldiers during the war, due to the unhealthy conditions and habits they had during the conflicts.
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis manifests itself as a painful infection in which the gums bleed due to necrosis of the papillae and a general attack on oral health. According to studies, nowadays, the disease is associated with AIDS. Acquired immunodeficiency causes oral conditions in 90% of patients.
What causes acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis?
What are the symptoms of the disease?
Given the difficulty of eating and living normally, other common complications are weight loss, dehydration and tooth loss. Bacteria may seep into the bloodstream if a person with this condition ignores these clinical signs, leading to bacteremia.
The spread of the infection can be devastating because it affects several organs. In addition, septic shock may occur. This happens when the body reacts excessively and blood pressure drops.
As indicated by the scientific portal Drugs , physical examination is the first step in detecting the disease. The professional will look for ulcers, gray plaques around the teeth and the destruction of gingival tissue. Diagnosis is quick and there is little room for error.
Your doctor may order blood tests and x-rays. The latter are used to assess the damage caused by the infection, as the extent of the lesions is obvious. The approach will depend on the severity of the clinical picture.
When to seek medical help?
Any kind of inflammation of the gums requires medical intervention and not all inflammations are caused by infections. However, you must rule out the disease in a timely manner. An oral infection can worsen considerably if not addressed in time, as bacteria can enter the bloodstream.
- Strict hygiene must be applied for the rest of your life to prevent recurrence.
This is simple and is based on proper nutrition, proper oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist for checks. Professionals also recommend that patients stay active and quit smoking.
In addition to all this, acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis has an important psychological component, as it is related to stress in many cases. For this reason, patients should seek help beyond the pharmacological field to address such pathologies.
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis has almost disappeared
This disease is not as common as it used to be, as standards of personal hygiene continue to improve. You need to brush your teeth every day and go to the dentist regularly. He will be able to assess the possible risks to prevent the occurrence of this disease.